Louise Bourgeois

As one of the best-known living woman artists, Louise Bourgeois was born in Paris in 1911 and trained with Fernand Lger in France before settling in New York in 1938. In the mid- to late 1940s she worked at Stanley William Hayter’s printshop, Atelier 17 where she met Le Corbusier, Joan Mir๓ and other European exiled by World War II. Her large sculptures have presented through different materials such as wood, stone, metal and latex which mainly focus on the relationship between the work itself and its surrounding, especially the spider structures which has been broaden as public art  to many places.

Bougeois’ works are highly known as erotic and sexual images inspired from her childhood. Her solo exhibitions done wildly including in New York , Paris , London and Bilbao as well as group exhibitions include XXIV Sao Paulo Biennale, Sao Paulo (1998), The American Century. Art & Culture. 1950 - 2000, The Whitney Museum of American Art (1999), Agents of Change. 12th Biennale of Sydney, Sydney (2000), documenta XI, Kassel (2002) and 51st Venice Biennale, Venice (2005). Bourgeois’ achievements have been recognized with a fellowship from the National Endowment for the Arts in 1973, membership in the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1981, a grand prize in sculpture from the French Ministry of Culture in 1991 and the National Medal of Arts in 1997.

With successful career behind her, Bourgeois also has contributed to the world in many charitable events, including the Sculpture Memorial which she creates specially to fit with the venue in the southern part of Thailand. 

Bourgeois died of heart failure on 31 May 2010, at the Beth Israel Medical Center in New York City. Wendy Williams, the managing director of the Louise Bourgeois Studio, announced her death. She had continued to create artwork until her death, her last pieces were finished the week before.